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How Your Summer Skincare Is Aging Your Skin (Hint: It’s Polyunsaturated Oils)

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Various jars of skincare creams and lotions

Last Updated April 24, 2020

As the weather gets warmer, it becomes increasingly important to be mindful of what goes on your skin.

We all know that sunscreen is crucial for protecting against the destructive effects of ultraviolet light. So put on some SPF and you’re set, right?

Actually, that might not be enough.

Even if you choose a natural, zinc-oxide based sunscreen, your best attempts at anti-aging could potentially be impeded by the oils in your favourite skincare products.

You might have heard about the dangers of excess polyunsaturated fats in your diet – but did you know that they can also be harmful to your skin?

In this article, you will learn:

  • Why polyunsaturated oils can damage your skin
  • What this means for your summer skin care products
  • Simple swaps to help you protect yourself

The dangers of polyunsaturated fats

What do oils like sweet almond, sunflower, argan, and rosehip have in common? Aside from being common in skin care products, they’re all composed predominantly of polyunsaturated fatty acids, or PUFAs for short.

PUFAs, otherwise known as omega-6 and omega-3, are the most unstable fatty acids of all. These fatty acids are easily oxidized (or in other words, damaged) in the presence of light, heat and oxygen.

The reason PUFAs are so volatile is because their molecules contain double bonds, which are weak and easily broken apart. Oxygen has no problem sneaking into these double bonds, leading to oxidation.

When a fatty acid oxidizes, it creates a chain reaction of free radicals that chemists refer to as free radical cascades. Once set in motion, a free radical cascade goes on to damage normal, previously undamaged lipids.

Bottles of polyunsaturated skincare oils
Could your favourite oil be aging your skin?
Photo: © vgatto / Adobe Stock

Sunlight and polyunsaturated fats

If polyunsaturated oils are easily oxidized by light, heat, and oxygen, and going out in the sun guarantees that you will be exposed to high levels of light, heat, and oxygen – then you likely understand how wearing your favourite facial oil outdoors could pose a serious problem.

Not only will the sun oxidize the lipids in the oil, but it can also extend this damage to the lipids in your skin. PUFAs have been identified as one of the main culprits that cause cellular damage in the presence of radiation. And as we know, the sun emits radiation in the form of ultraviolet (UV) light.

Bottles of polyunsaturated, monounsaturated and saturated oils
When it comes to your skin, not all fats are created equal.
Photo: © JPC-PROD / Adobe Stock

In one study, two groups of shaved rabbits were fed diets containing either corn oil or coconut oil. After exposure to sunlight, the rabbits fed corn oil developed wrinkled, aged skin. Conversely, the rabbits fed coconut oil showed no such damage from the sun exposure.

What does this mean? On one hand, this suggests that excess PUFAs in your diet are connected to skin aging. But it also suggests that wearing a topical polyunsaturated oil out in the sun can also contribute to skin aging.

Not exactly what you signed up for when you bought that oil serum.

What about wearing PUFAs indoors?

PUFAs don’t need UV light to oxidize – though UV light will oxidize them faster, any light has the capacity, including blue light.

Also consider that many establishments use fluorescent lighting, and fluorescent lights emit UV radiation. Therefore, staying indoors does not guarantee safety.

Polyunsaturated fats and your skin

What this all means is that – if your goal is to have healthy skin – any product containing mostly PUFAs is not completely safe for outdoor wear, especially during the summer months.

This goes for anything you put on your skin, whether it is a facial oil, sunscreen, or foundation. The more PUFAs a product contains, the more likely it is to oxidize.

Beautiful woman with healthy, glowing skin
For healthy, beautiful skin, avoiding PUFAs is key.
Photo: © Anastasia / Adobe Stock

Polyunsaturated oils include:

  • Argan oil
  • Black cumin seed oil
  • Camelina oil
  • Canola oil
  • Corn oil
  • Cottonseed oil
  • Evening primrose oil
  • Flax/linseed oil
  • Grapeseed oil
  • Hemp oil
  • Maracuja oil
  • Peanut oil
  • Pumpkin seed oil
  • Red raspberry seed oil
  • Rosehip oil
  • Safflower oil
  • Sesame oil
  • Soybean oil
  • Sunflower oil
  • Walnut oil

Now, if you’re looking at the ingredients of your favourite sunscreen or moisturizer in frustration, there’s no need to lose hope — there are other options.

Why monounsaturated fats are safer for skin

We know now that PUFAs have two or more double bonds in their molecules that make them susceptible to damage. On the other hand, monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) have only one place, or double bond, at which oxygen can react.

While oxidation is still a risk, it turns out that having one less double bond means that a reaction is billions of times less likely to occur. (See this book.) This makes MUFAs, like omega-7 and omega-9, a lot safer and more stable than PUFAs.

Sliced avocado, which is a monounsaturated fat
Avocados (and their oils) are comprised of mostly monounsaturated fatty acids.
Photo: © masterq / Adobe Stock

Monounsaturated oils include:

While choosing a monounsaturated oil is a safer option, it’s important to note that the oils mentioned above are not 100% comprised of MUFAs. They still contain some PUFAs, just in smaller numbers than predominantly polyunsaturated oils.

One thing to consider is that the percentage of PUFAs in any given oil plays a key role in its likelihood to oxidize.

For instance, the PUFA content of olive oil can vary anywhere from 3.5% – 21%. In terms of oxidation, 21% PUFA is still a risk. But it’s a better choice than sunflower oil for instance, which by comparison is around 69% PUFA.

On the other hand, marula oil is 4% – 8% PUFA, making it much less susceptible to oxidation. Jojoba oil falls even lower, containing a maximum of 3% PUFA.

Monounsaturated oils are a great choice for pre-sun skincare, but they are still not quite as safe as the best choice: saturated fats.

Why saturated fats are the best fats for skincare

We know that MUFA molecules have one double bond at which oxygen can react, and PUFA molecules have two (or more) — so what about saturated fatty acids (SFAs)?

As it turns out, SFAs have absolutely no double bonds.

Thanks to the shape of these molecules, they have no room for oxygen to squeeze in. Even high heat (or sunlight) can’t force them to oxidize.

Low PUFA overnight face mask with squalane oil
Squalane oil is completely saturated, making it ideal for skin care. It’s a main ingredient in our PUFA-free DIY moisturizing overnight face mask.

Saturated oils include:

When using a saturated facial oil, you can rest assured knowing that it will not oxidize in the presence of oxygen, light, or high heat to create a cocktail of lipid peroxidation on your skin.

How to build a low-PUFA skincare regimen

Your best bet for a summer skincare regimen is to focus on products that contain predominantly saturated and monounsaturated fats.

Ideally, to protect your skin, your regimen should be as low PUFA as possible. Personally, I like to center my skincare routine around squalane oil and MCT oil, which are both completely devoid of PUFAs.

Does this mean I recommend throwing away any skincare product that contains PUFA oils? Not necessarily, and I definitely don’t condone wastefulness.

If you love argan oil and it causes no issues for you, by all means keep using it. Just use it carefully, and use it up quickly. It’s a good idea to buy the freshest, most high quality oil possible and keep it in the fridge to maintain freshness.

And if you truly can’t bear to part with some of your PUFA-based products, you can start by using them less often. It’s also a good idea to save them for the nighttime, when you’ll be exposed to less light.

I don’t think it’s necessary to be a purist. I won’t denounce something just because it contains a little bit of PUFA towards the end of the ingredients list. But when it comes to outdoor wear, I feel more comfortable seeing saturated or monounsaturated oils comprising the bulk of a product.

As it turns out, it’s easy to create a safer skincare and makeup routine without obsessing or resorting to making everything yourself. You just need to know what to look for.

Low-PUFA SPF for Face

Juice Beauty Oil-Free SPF 30 Moisturizer

This sunscreen is technically oil free, but contains saturated fatty acids in the form of capric/caprylic triglycerides derived from coconut oil. It also contains vitamins E and C, both potent sun protectors.

Best of all, it has 20% non-nano zinc oxide as SPF, which is a safe, effective mineral sunscreen. This is my go-to moisturizer year-round, and I just make sure reapply it more frequently during the summer.

Where to buy: Juice Beauty, Sephora, Ulta, Amazon

Juice Beauty Oil-Free SPF 30 Moisturizer
Juice Beauty Oil-Free SPF 30 Moisturizer.

Juice Beauty SPF 30 Sport Sunscreen: I’ve recently switched to the Juice Beauty SPF 30 Sport Sunscreen. It’s similar to the Oil-Free Moisturizer, but you actually get a lot more product for a much lower price.

The Sport Sunscreen contains some castor, sunflower and jojoba seed oils, but they are lower on the ingredients list. The formula is mostly saturated, with a base of coconut oil and caprylic/capric triglycerides. It also contains vitamins C and vitamin E for antioxidant protection.

The product spreads very easily and also doesn’t contain sodium hyaluronate (the sodium salt of hyaluronic acid). This is a bonus, since hyaluronic acid can dry out certain skin types.

Overall, I love it. It has the same matte, non-greasy finish as the Oil-Free Moisturizer with improved hydration. Plus, the tube lasts for ages.

Where to buy: Amazon

Devita Solar Protective Moisturizer SPF 30+: Like Juice Beauty, this sunscreen is comprised of capric/caprylic triglycerides derived from coconut oil. It also contains 19% micronized, non-nano zinc oxide and antioxidant vitamin E. I haven’t used it personally, but it’s on my list to try.

Where to buy: Amazon

Low-PUFA SPF for body

Rocky Mountain Soap Co. Face and Body Natural Sunscreen SPF 31: This natural sunscreen is formulated with coconut oil and jojoba oil. It also contains a high 20% zinc oxide. It also doesn’t hurt that it smells like birthday cake. Plus, my pale skin didn’t burn at all after wearing this for hours in full sunlight.

Where to buy: Well.ca

Devita Natural Skin Care Solar Body Moisturizer SPF 30+: This broad-spectrum sunscreen is made with a base of capric/caprylic triglycerides, shea butter, olive oil, and jojoba oil to nourish your skin while it protects. It even contains squalane and vitamin E for even more UV-protective punch.

Where to buy: Amazon

Nine Naturals Natural Sunscreen UVA plus UVB SPF 32: This sunscreen looks very promising. The base is comprised of olive oil, jojoba oil, and shea butter. Not only does it contain safe fats, but it has a whopping 25% non-nano zinc oxide, which is even more than the minimum 20% required for adequate protection. It’s also worth nothing that it’s pregnancy safe.

Where to buy:  Amazon

Low-PUFA facial oils

The Ordinary Plant-Derived Squalane Oil and Life-Flo Pure Olive Squalane Oil
The Ordinary 100% Plant-Derived Squalane Oil and LifeFlo Pure Olive Squalane Oil.

Squalane oil

Not to be confused with shark-derived squalene, squalane is a cholesterol precursor found in human sebum. It’s completely saturated, so it’s not at all susceptible to oxidation.

In fact, it appears to function as an antioxidant, protecting the skin’s surface from lipid peroxidation caused by UV exposure. While it shouldn’t replace your SPF, it can help protect you from sun damage.

Don’t worry — squalane is cruelty-free and derived from olives or other plant sources. It’s my favourite oil at the moment. It’s light, soaks into skin quickly, and has never caused me to break out. I love to layer squalane under my SPF for extra moisture. It also soaks right into hair.

The Ordinary 100% Plant-Derived Squalane
Where to buy:
 Amazon

LifeFlo Pure Olive Squalane Oil
Where to buy: Amazon, iHerb

Timeless Skincare Squalane Oil
Where to buy: 
Amazon, YesStyle

Biossance 100% Squalane Oil
Where to buy: Sephora, Biossance, Amazon

Marula oil

This monounsaturated, golden oil has a slightly more viscous texture than squalane. A little goes a long way –– it’s silky and very spreadable.

It also contains more vitamin E than argan oil, which gets a lot of buzz. According to Dr. Ray Peat, topical or internal vitamin E has been found to reduce the damage caused by ultraviolet radiation.

Like squalane, marula oil also makes a nourishing hair oil.

Shea Terra Organics Namibian Marula Cold-Pressed Oil
Where to buy: 
Amazon

Drunk Elephant Virgin Marula Luxury Facial Oil
Where to buy: Amazon

The Ordinary 100% Cold Pressed Virgin Marula Oil
Where to buy: Amazon

Acure Organics Marula Oil
Where to buy: Amazon, iHerb

Nilotica shea butter

Nilotica shea is typical Western shea butter’s softer, silkier, and more luxurious cousin. Its lighter texture makes it more suited for the face. For some people — me included — typical shea butter can be congesting. Rubbed on the backs of your hands, most shea butters will sit on top like a waxy film, whereas Nilotica shea butter will soak right in. Try it.

Contrary to typical shea butter, which is harvested from West Africa, Nilotica shea butter is harvested from the rare Nilotica trees in secluded regions of East Africa. It’s rich in soothing compounds like allantoin, which makes it great for those suffering from inflammatory skin conditions. It’s also richer in vitamins A and E than Western shea butter.

Shea Terra Organics Shea Nilotik Virgin Shea Butter: The Nilotica shea butter that I’ve been using and loving. According to their website, the butter is harvested by women in Uganda who are paid up to eight times the usual wage.
Where to buy: Amazon

LXMI Pure Nilotica Melt Nourishing Balm-to-Oil: This luxury option is on my list to try. According to LXMI, their shea is harvested by low-income women in the Nile Valley who are paid three times the local wages. Not sure how their wages compares to Shea Terra Organics, but both companies seem to have a great philosophy.
Where to buy: Amazon

Comparison between Western shea butter and Nilotica shea butter
From top to bottom: Nilotica shea butter, Western shea butter. | Cute wooden pineapple bowl and tiny wooden spoons

Low-PUFA eye care

I stopped using eye creams – most of them are high in PUFAs, or just have a high price tag. Instead, I’ve been using serums and layering my own oils or butters on top.

The Ordinary Caffeine Solution 5% + EGCG: This light serum contains a high 5% concentration of caffeine with potent antioxidant EGCG, derived from green tea leaves. I’ve been using it to improve my puffiness and dark circles with great results so far. I love this product, and I also love its price.

Where to buy: Amazon

Jeffrey James Botanicals The Eye Gel: This cooling, cucumber-infused eye gel is formulated with jojoba oil. Thanks to the inclusion of Cassia Angustifolia Seed Polysaccharide, a botanical form of hyaluronic acid, the gel forms a jelly-like layer under your eyes that locks in moisture. This particular form of botanical hyaluronic acid is the same one used by natural brand Consonant in their cornerstone luxury product, Hydrextreme. The Eye Gel is packed with amino acids that nourish the delicate eye area, and antioxidants that help protect from oxidative damage.

Where to buy: Amazon, iHerb

Low-PUFA makeup

The right makeup should nourish your skin just like your skincare does. This is absolutely possible with the right products.

Makeup bag filled with low-PUFA makeup from natural brand RMS Beauty
Some of my favourite selections from RMS Beauty. | Open products: RMS Beauty Magic Luminizer and RMS Beauty Lip Shine in Honest

RMS Beauty Un Cover-Up Concealer/Foundation: This hybrid concealer/foundation of only 8 ingredients is formulated with coconut oil, castor oil, jojoba oil and cocoa butter. The smooth, melt-into-your-skin texture makes it more than worth the price. It wears like a second skin. I will never stop buying this.

Where to buy: Amazon

BareMinerals BareSkin Pure Serum Brightening Foundation SPF 20: This oil-free liquid foundation is formulated with capric/caprylic triglycerides. It boasts a clean ingredients list free of parabens and silicones –– in fact, I think it’s the cleanest liquid foundation on the entire Sephora site. It goes on a bit oily, but the formula dries to a smooth finish. A little goes a long way. You only need a few drops. Contrary to the negative reviews on the Sephora site, I liked the formula. However, their shade selection is off. The lightest shade, Bare Porcelain, was too orange for my skin.

Where to buy: Amazon

RMS Beauty Living Luminizer: Another favourite from RMS Beauty, this gorgeous, mesmerizing cream highlighter is formulated with coconut, castor, and sunflower oils. (Since the polyunsaturated sunflower oil appears lower on the ingredients list, I don’t think it’s a big deal.) I’m a fan of dewy makeup looks, and this product doesn’t disappoint. This will make your cheekbones positively glisten with a subtle, silvery, translucent glow. It also gives you a wet finish that just isn’t possible with powder highlighters.

Where to buy: Amazon

RMS Beauty Magic Luminizer: Warmer, bolder and more opaque than the Living Luminizer, RMS Beauty’s Magic Luminizer graces your complexion with a metallic, champagne opalescence. The formula is thicker than the Living Luminizer thanks to a higher percentage of coconut oil and beeswax. It feels drier on your skin, almost like a powder, but without the overly matte finish of a true powder highlighter. It’s also more heavily pigmented. The result is a dramatic, buildable glow that looks lit from within. I like to layer the Living Luminizer over the Magic Luminizer for the perfect combination of pigment and dewiness.

Where to buy: Amazon

RMS Beauty Living Luminizer & RMS Beauty Magic Luminizer
Top: RMS Beauty Living Luminizer | Bottom: RMS Beauty Magic Luminizer

RMS Beauty Champagne Rosé Luminizer: RMS Beauty’s latest highlighter creation is a blush-pink luminizer that imparts a pinkish opalescence to your skin. Based on the ingredients, it looks similar in texture to the castor oil-based Living Luminizer. I can’t yet justify another highlighter purchase, so for now this one is on my wishlist.

Where to buy: Amazon

bareMinerals Blush: This natural mineral blush has a clean formula of just pure minerals — that’s it. It’s also very economical. A jar of this will last forever.

Where to buy: Amazon

bareMinerals Faux Tan All-Over Face Color: This natural mineral bronzer is my go-to for contouring. Like the bareMinerals blush, it’s economical and the formula is clean.

Where to buy: Amazon

RMS Beauty Buriti Bronzer and RMS Beauty Contour Bronzer: These cream bronzers are formulated with coconut, jojoba, and buriti oils, along with cocoa butter. I haven’t yet tried them, but I already know I love everything from this line. As soon as my bronzer of choice runs out, I know what I’ll be trying next.

RMS Beauty Buriti Bronzer
Where to buy:
Amazon

RMS Beauty Contour Bronzer
Where to buy:
Amazon

RMS Beauty Lip2Cheek: This multitasking cream blush and lip colour is on my wishlist. Like all of RMS Beauty’s makeup, it’s based on safe, stable fats, and boasts a short, natural ingredients list. The creamy formula is highly buildable, providing a subtle flush or a pop of colour depending on how much you use.

Where to buy: Amazon

Low-PUFA lip care

Shea butter: Pure shea butter is, in my opinion, the best natural lip balm. It’s a saturated fat that is safe even when ingested (which is important, since ingestion is inevitable with any lip product). Nilotica shea butter is too thin for lips and will rub off easily, but Western shea’s thicker, richer texture is perfect.

My favourite shea butter is Out of Africa’s Wildcrafted Shea Butter in Vanilla. The scent is intoxicating, and it doesn’t have the crumbly texture of some other brands of shea butter. Instead, it’s smooth and rich, which also makes it perfect for incorporating into a cleansing balm. Bonus: their huge tubs will last you forever.

Where to buy: AmazoniHerb


The only caveat with using shea butter as a lip balm is that it does not contain enough SPF to prevent DNA damage on a sunny day. Which leads me to my next recommendation…

Green Cricket SPF 30 Lip Balm: This natural lip balm is made with a combination of shea, coconut, avocado, jojoba and castor oils, with 20% zinc oxide as SPF. Most lip balms that claim to be SPF 30 have a far lower percentage of zinc oxide. It also has vitamin E as antioxidant. I use it by itself or underneath my lipstick if I’m going to be outside. Due to the nature of lip products, this must be reapplied often to ensure adequate protection.

Where to buy: Well.ca

Bite Beauty Amuse Bouche Lipstick: While their lipstick contains some PUFAs, Bite Beauty is still one of my favourite brands for lip products. Their products are free of silicones and glycols, and contain beneficial antioxidants like resveratrol. Since you will inevitably ingest some of your lipstick, it better be one of the cleanest products in your makeup bag. I also love their Matte Crème Lip Crayon.

Where to buy: Amazon

RMS Beauty Lip Shine: Yet another product from my favourite line. It’s made with castor, coconut and buriti oils, along with cocoa butter. It’s intensely hydrating and gives your lips a gorgeous sheen. I love it in Honest, which is a flattering pink. It’s described on the Sephora website as a “nude, dusty rose,” but on my colouring it shows up as a pink with a hint of coral.

Where to buy: Amazon

RMS Beauty Lip Shine in Honest
RMS Beauty Lip Shine in Honest.

These makeup and skincare options can be worn to the beach without inflaming or aging your skin. Let me know if you try anything on the list, or if you find something else that I should know about. I’d love to hear your discoveries.

Low-PUFA skincare recipes

If you’re looking for low-PUFA skincare that you can make at home, try our DIY makeup melting cleansing balm, our natural DIY makeup setting spray, or our moisturizing DIY overnight face mask.

References

http://www.functionalps.com/blog/2011/09/17/fats-temperature-and-your-body/
Deep Nutrition: Why Your Genes Need Traditional Food by Catherine Shanahan M.D.
http://altmedrev.com/publications/4/1/29.pdf
http://www.functionalps.com/blog/2012/02/27/using-sunlight-to-sustain-life/

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katrina

Sunday 12th of April 2020

Hi there, I have recently found a sunscreen that I am considering purchasing as I am satisfied with all the ingredients it contains however I am now unsure due to the PUFAs listed. It lists almond oil as its first inactive ingredient and also sunflower oil as the 10th ingredient out of a total of 12 inactive ingredients. It also contains one saturated oil. Would you advise to avoid this product due to the PUFAs? Its a shame as all its other ingredients were exactly what I was after. Thank you for the insightful article I hope to hear back from you :)

Kyla

Monday 13th of April 2020

Hi Katrina, thanks for reading! It's such a shame when you find a product that looks great except for the PUFA oils.

Personally, I would avoid that sunscreen. It would be a different story if the saturated oil was at the beginning of the ingredients list, as saturated oils help stabilize polyunsaturated oils. But if almond oil is the first ingredient, then unfortunately the product is mostly PUFA and not very stable.

Again though, this is only my personal opinion. I have a new article about low-PUFA sunscreens coming out soon, so if you plan to look for a different product, then I hope to help you find one! 😊

Dean

Friday 6th of September 2019

Hello, I went low PUFA with skin care for while myself and found a few issues with it.. 1. Low PUFA oils are sometimes high in oleic or stearic acid which can be comedogenic for acne sufferers. Coconut oil causes me to break out for eg. In fact, research shows acne skin can benefit from linoleic acid, omega 6 on skin. 2. There are natural antioxidants contained in plant oils which can prevent oxidation. One could also use antioxidants like vitamin C and E to stabilize oxidation. Rosehip oil has been found to contain high levels of antioxidants 3. Oils high in oleic acid like olive oil have been shown to negatively impact skin barrier making it more sensitive to sun etc. Please let me know your thoughts..

Kyla

Friday 6th of September 2019

Hi Dean, thanks for sharing your thoughts. You raise some important points.

I’m currently in the process of doing more research on PUFAs and skin health. When I’ve gathered enough information, I will either update this post or write a new one addressing some of the issues with low-PUFA skincare. I’ll share my thoughts as best as I can right now and go into more depth later.

You’re definitely correct on the point about oleic acid. When not balanced by other fatty acids, oleic acid in excess appears to have a detrimental effect on the skin barrier.

Coconut oil is comodegenic for many people, and I don’t actually think it’s a very good skincare oil, at least not when it comes to the face. I experimented with it and the results were not great. Since learning more about oils and skin health, I think capric/caprylic triglyceries and squalane are probably the safest and least problematic low-PUFA oils for most skin types.

It’s true that rosehip oil is naturally high in carotenes and antioxidants that slow down oxidation to some degree. In terms of PUFA-rich oils, I think it’s likely one of the better choices for this reason. However, since light, heat and oxygen catalyst an oil’s oxidative destruction, it seems to be only a matter of time before the antioxidants get used up. I think it’s just a question of how long their protection lasts.

I don’t think polyunsaturated fatty acids are inherently all bad or that they should never touch your skin in trace amounts. There is clear research that they have skin benefits and can help with barrier repair. But I do think they are problematic in excess and when they make up the bulk of a skincare product.

Jessica

Thursday 25th of July 2019

Hello! I loved your article! I clicked on your Amazon link and bought the Shea Butter that came up. When I received it I realized it doesn't say Nilotica on it and it's very hard, as Shea Butter usually is. It says Ghana Gold on the label. Can you point me in the right direction? You mentioned in the article about the Shea Butter you like being a smoother texture and better for your face. Thank you!

Kyla

Thursday 25th of July 2019

Hi Jessica, I’m sorry about that! It looks like that particular Nilotica shea butter is out of stock on Amazon. I think they must've redirected you to a different product.

The Nilotica I use and love is still available directly from the Shea Terra Organics website. But if you’re looking to purchase on Amazon, this brand of organic Nilotica shea butter is fair trade and has good reviews. I hope this helps. :)

Elizabeth

Friday 5th of July 2019

Hi! How do essential oils factor into this—do oils such as peppermint, lemon, grapefruit, lavender, etc oxidize?

Thank you,

Kyla

Monday 15th of July 2019

Hi Elizabeth, from my understanding, essential oils also oxidize and go “bad,” but not in the same way that carrier oils do. Essential oils are not really oils in the typical sense as they don’t contain fatty acids like PUFAs. Carrier oils like olive oil and coconut oil are made up of triglycerides (fatty acids held together by glycerol), whereas essential oils are made up of aroma compounds like terpenes, esters, etc.

That said, spoiled essential oils can still be dangerous. They can cause irritation, burns and skin rashes. For more information on the dangers of expired essential oils, this article sums it up pretty well. I hope this helps!

Nel

Friday 14th of June 2019

Hello, I just came across this article, great information. The BareMinerals foundation you mentioned has been discontinued. They now have the full coverage barepro and the mineral hydrating stick. Can you suggest any other PUFA free liquid foundations? I can’t live without liquid foundation.

Kyla

Monday 24th of June 2019

Hi Nel, so glad you found it useful. I didn’t realize the BareMinerals foundation was being discontinued – thanks for letting me know. That’s a shame. I liked the formula but wish they would’ve expanded their shade range.

I actually found a liquid foundation recently from a natural Australian brand called CROP. I almost loved it. The finish was very natural-looking and it provided a lot of coverage. It also wasn’t oily. Unfortunately, with prolonged use, it irritated my skin.

It used to be called the BB Intense Hydration Cream (even though it had the texture of a foundation). I see they’ve now reformulated it and renamed it the Moisture Balance Foundation. It’s based on caprylic/capric triglycerides from coconut as well as castor oil and jojoba oil. There are some potentially sensitizing ingredients but not as mant as the old formula (which contained irritating citrus essential oils). You might like it if you don’t have sensitive skin.

I found a few other potential options, but I haven’t yet tried any of these myself. I hope these are helpful and sorry I don’t have more choices for you. I’ll keep looking and update you if I find something.

Bareminerals Complexion Rescue Tinted Hydrating Gel Cream: Not exactly a foundation and not sure if it provides enough coverage, but it might be worth a try. It’s coconut and squalane based. I’m going to try it at some point.

Kosas Tinted Face Oil Foundation: Coconut, jojoba and avocado oil base, with sunflower and meadowfoam further down the list. Not PUFA free but mostly saturated and monounsaturated. I’d really like to try this one too but I’m not sure if my skin would appreciate the avocado oil.

Sappho New Paradigm Liquid Foundation: Not PUFA free – mostly saturated and monounsaturated. Based on jojoba oil, coconut oil, shea butter and olive-oil derived ingredients.